Are you interested in growing orchids, but you are not sure about the best varieties that are easy to cultivate and maintain? Or you are a beginner to plant orchids and wish to have a small orchid farm at home? If so, then this list of the top 10 types of orchids below are fairly easy to grow that can help you make decision and it also can be an idea for you to have a big orchid farm at home as your dream. Find out more about the features, as well as the pros and cons and how to grow of each orchid type presented below.
List of Top 10 Types Of Orchids:
Below are the list of top 10 types of orchids that are easy to grow such as: 1. Phalaenopsis Orchids or Moth Orchids; 2. Dendrobium Orchids; 3. Cattleya Orchids; 4. Cymbidium Orchids; 5. Paphiopedilum Orchids; 6. Ludisia Orchids; 7. Brassavola Orchids; 8. Cycnoches Orchids; 9. Intergenerics Orchids; 10. Miltonia Orchids;
1. Phalaenopsis Orchids or Moth Orchids
Otherwise known as the “moth orchid”, the phalaenopsis is one of the easiest type of orchid to grow indoors. Its flowers come in a wide range of colors including salmon, green, yellow, pink, orange, red, purple and white, and they may have a blotched or speckled design to form a fascinating pattern. This orchid specie thrives best when placed in a window sill facing east, and when it is exposed to daytime temperature of 70 to 80 degrees or 60 degrees F, at night.
Pros: The Phalaenopsis orchids grow well when kept indoors, and you can expect it to bloom during the winter with flowers that can last for four months or more. Moth orchids are the most common orchid that is easy to grow and longest-blooming orchids.
Cons: There are no serious threats when it comes to the health of this orchid type. However, bud blast may occur, and this is usually caused by changes in humidity, temperature, poor location and excessive or lack of moisture.
Note: A drop in temperatures helps encourage them to bloom.
2. Dendrobium Orchids
The most stunning feature of the dendrobium is its tall and long pseudobulbs that are topped by beautiful leaves. It also produces flowers that add color and life to your garden, particularly during the gloomy ambience in winter. They are also relatively easy to care for, and there are no major threats to its health, unlike other species of orchids.
Pros: Dendrobiums look lovely because of their unique shape and flowers. In fact, they are typically top-heavy, although you can make them appear well-balanced through precise staking.
Cons: Generally, repotting dendrobiums can be a challenge since it is possible for them to die easily when repotted at the wrong period. It is important to wait until new growth starts to appear, so you can prevent damages to its overall structure.
Note: the most common types of Dendrobium orchids keep their foliage all year and bloom on new stems.
3. Cattleya Orchids
The cattleya may bloom in early spring or winter, and its flowers can last for at least a month. This gorgeous type of orchid produces brightly-colored flowers that vary in size and color such as orange, yellow, red, pink, green, and purple. The best way to grow cattleyas is by placing them in areas that receive high light, but never expose them in direct sunlight.
Pros: If you are a beginner in orchid cultivation, cattleyas make a fine choice to grow in your garden. These plants are epiphytic, which means they grow well on trunks and branches of sub tropical or tropical trees, yet they do not absorb nourishment or water from these plants.
Cons: These flowers are not prone to serious problems caused by diseases or insects. However, you need to protect them from spider mites, and a few other bugs that may cause damages such as thrips, mealy bugs, snails and slugs.
4. Cymbidium Orchids or Boat Orchids
If you are fond of orchids with large sizes and extraordinary-looking blooms, then the cymbidium orchids or boat orchids is a suitable option for you. These orchids produce long sprays or bright and large flowers, and they can survive harsh temperatures. They grow well in cool areas, and low temperatures cause them to produce more flowers. You will also be impressed by its stunning flowers that come in pink, cream, red, yellow, orange, and purple colors.
Pros: The cymbidium is perfect for locations that are usually cool and well-lit. If you live in a place that have cool summers with no harsh frosts, you may grow them as outdoor plants.
Cons: These orchids are quite easy to grow because they are not too delicate, yet you should protect them from spider mites, aphids, and some diseases caused by parasites.
5. Paphiopedilum Orchids
Paphiopedilum orchids is also coined as “Venus’ Slippers”, this variety of orchid produces pouch-like bottom petals that resemble a slipper. These flowers grow well when placed in an area facing the east because of its low light level. They also like to be placed in a pot that fits them snugly, so it is not advisable to overpot this type of orchid.
Pros: This plant has lovely foliage that comes in mottled light or dark shades of green. Since they have fleshy leaves and thick roots, they can store moisture that help them survive when placed in warm locations.
Cons: Repotting is advisable once a year when its flowers have completely faded, which is in springtime. Overpotting is not recommended, as it can lead to weaker orchids that are prone to damages.
6. Ludisia Orchids
This orchid type is popular for its astounding foliage with purplish-brown to dark green leaves with red or gold veins. It is quite easy to grow this orchid, as long as it is exposed to humid and warm conditions, and locations with excellent air circulation and medium amount of light. Stem cutting allows the growth of a new plant, which makes it less delicate to grow and cultivate.
Pros: Most people prefer to grow the ludisia orchid because of its stunning foliage. It is also suitable as a houseplant, so you can place it indoors most of the time.
Cons: The ludisia is prone to rotting unless the potting medium is evenly moist and well-drained.
7. Brassavola Orchids
Commonly referred to as the “Lady of the Night”, this specie is famous for its sweet fragrance that add a relaxing ambience to any outdoor or indoor space. It has stout leaves that emerge along its central rhizome, and it usually blooms in the early months of the winter season.
Pros: Not only is the brassavola appealing because of its beautiful blooms, but also for its wonderful fragrance that emerges at sunset.
Cons: It is relatively easy to care for, although you still need to apply proper watering and placement requirements to ensure the excellent condition of this plant.
8. Cycnoches Orchids
The cycnoches is from the Catasetum group of orchids, which is known for its waxy petals and fragrant scent. This specie produces bright flowers such as red, green, and yellow, which add a delightful ambience in your garden during early autumn.
Pros: Cycnoches bloom during the early months of fall or in the latter portion of summer, so you can expect a vibrant look in your garden when some of your plants have lost their flowers.
Cons: Proper care must be applied to this orchid type to ensure its growth, and this includes a dry winter rest or protection from frost. Hence, it is best to place them indoors when the temperatures begin to drop very low.
9. Intergenerics Orchids
This orchid is the result of different species bred together, so you can expect unique blooms that look like no other. They come with unusually-shaped flowers with striking patterns, which make them perfect for people who prefer rare blooms to decorate their indoor space or garden.
Pros: Proper care for this breed is similar to the oncidium, so it is best to learn more about the care guide and background of this orchid type for your guidance in growing this hybrid orchid.
Cons: As with most orchids, they must be repotted after new growth emerges. Moreover, intergenerics prefer a fairly tight pot to thrive well.
10. Miltonia Orchids
As with most flowers, the miltonia blooms ever spring and summer. It produces a string of bright flowers that appear too large for the foliage size. Any garden adorned with miltonia will stand out because of the strikingly beautiful appearance of these orchids.
Pros: The miltonia is tolerant of the warm weather, and it is easier to cultivate and grow than the miltonopsis. It also has pansy-like flowers, that is why other people refer to this ornamental plant as a “pansy orchid”.
Cons: It is essential to keep its soil moist to promote its growth, and it works well with sphagnum moss or free-draining soil mix.
These are only 10 of the most popular orchids that will surely make a wonderful addition to your garden. Not only are they visually appealing, but they are easy to grow, too! So, start giving your outdoor space that stunning look and ambience by growing these adorable types of orchids. Generally, repotting dendrobiums can be a challenge since it is possible for them to die easily when repotted at the wrong period. It is important to wait until new growth starts to appear, so you can prevent damages to its overall structure.